PhD Results #4

Ainara Valverde & Sheila Maiz will present an advance of results on their research.




The accumulation of heavy metals in aquatic environments is a major concern in our society, since these ions can cause serious health and environmental hazards. Due to this concern, the significance of developing technology for removing heavy metals has been increased. At present, many methods have been developed to remove heavy metals from water, and among them, the adsorption method is a practical and economic method compared to other techniques because of its comparatively low cost, high efficiency, simplicity of operation and lower secondary pollution.
Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are composed of organic ligands and metal ions or clusters with infinite network, which are new type of microporous and mesoporous materials. MOFs have advantages of high porosity, diversity in structure, large specific surface area, relatively easy modification and chemical and thermal stability, which makes them very suitable for heavy metal removal in aquatic environments. In our work, a post-synthetic functionalization has been carried out in the MOF808, anchoring to the cluster different natural amino acids that provide the MOF different affinities to metals depending if they are hard, soft or borderline acids. The functionalization degree has been quantified thanks to H1-NMR analysis, and metal adsorption studies have been carried out with 7 different metals.



Injectable hydrogels based on chitosan for tissue engineering applications

Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field that combines the science of materials and biosciences towards the development of new technologies in order to restore, maintain and improve partially or totally cellular tissues. For this, this technology develops scaffolds, three-dimensional architectures consisting of structural materials (polymers) and biological materials (cells), which mimic the extracellular matrix. Polymeric hydrogels are suitable biomaterials to imitate those aspects and due to this, the scientific interest in developing this type of synthetic hydrogels in situ has increased. In situ hydrogels are hydrogels capable of gelling only in the physiological conditions to can be injected and act in a specific place. This exposition focuses mainly on the study of different chitosan hydrogels: chemical hydrogels, cross-linked with genipin, and, in situ hydrogels based on the reversible physical interaction between chitosan and β-glycerol phosphate. In addition, both types of hydrogels have been combined to form a mixed gel composed of both systems. Properties, such as porosity, swelling, degradation, rheological properties of gels obtained as well as the reversibility of gelation and bioprintability have been studied.

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Date(s) - 22/05/2019
12:30 PM - 1:30 PM

Auditorio de Plataforma Tecnológica – Martina Casiano, UPV/EHU
UPV/EHU Science Park
Bld. Martina Casiano, Gnd. Floor
48940 Leioa

43.3325366, -2.9702551000000312